A Contrastive List of 2020 Summer Olympic Sports Terms in Chinese - Part One


2020 奥运项目的成对汉语对照表(一)


How do you say popular Olympic sports in Chinese? Do you know that some sports in Chinese look similar to others? For Chinese language learners, we’ve arranged a list of popular 2020 Summer Olympic sports in Chinese and English, making similar Chinese words and phrases into pairs for contrastive learning.



Target Story Words

English Words: 

Chinese Pinyin:

Standard Chinese:

Similar Chinese Words:
体育用语 Tǐ yù yòng yǔ Sports terms.
奥运中文用语 ào yùn zhōng wén yòng yǔ The Olympic sports in Chinese.

Related Chinese Words:
夏季奥运会项目 Xià jì ào yùn huì xiàng mù The Summer Olympic Sports or the Olympic Summer Games.
冬季奥运会项目 Dōng jì ào yùn huì xiàng mù The Winter Olympic Sports or the Olympic Winter Games.

Related City:
东京 Dōngjīng Tokyo, the capital of Japan in Chinese.

Chinese Words Pronunciation

Chinese Pronunciation on GoogleSay “Chinese terms of Olympic Sports”



Contrastive Learning Olympic Sports in Chinese

对照学习奥运项目的中文用语

As the 2020 Olympic games took place in Tokyo in 2021, the following list of the popular Olympic sports in Chinese and English is readily given to the Chinese learners, which are arranged in pairs by their similar pronunciations or writings in Chinese. It is clearly aiming to compare and learn two or more similar Chinese sports terms by contrast, better for anyone to memorize these sports’ Chinese terms fast and enrich the sports vocabulary in Chinese with ease. Let’s jump!

2020 奥运会正在东京如火如荼地进行,以下为大家整理了夏季奥运会热门运动项目的中英文名称,以相似的中文名词为一组,方便对照学习中文,扩充你的体育类中文词汇库。现在开始吧!

Sports in Chinese: Archery v.s. Shooting

奥运中文对照:射箭与射击

  • (shè jiàn) – Archery in Chinese
  • (shè jī) – Shooting in Chinese

Some common sports terms in Chinese, as follow:
常见体育用语,如下:

  • 个人(gè rén sài) – Individual Events in Chinese
  • 团体(tuán tǐ sài) – Team Events in Chinese
  • 混合团体(hùn hé tuán tǐ sài) – Mixed Team (Events) in Chinese

More pairs of Olympics’ shooting events in Chinese, as follow:
更多射击类中文用语对照如下:

  • 25 米手枪(25 mǐ shǒu qiāng) – 25m Pistol events in Chinese
  • 25 米手枪速射(25 mǐ shǒu qiāng sù shè) – 25m Rapid Fire Pistol events in Chinese
  • 10 米气手枪(shí mǐ qì shǒu qiāng) – 10m Air Pistol events in Chinese
  • 10 米气步枪(shí mǐ qì bù qiāng) – 10m Air Rifle events in Chinese
  • 50 米步枪(50 mǐ bù qiāng) – 50m Rifle events in Chinese
  • 50 米步枪三种姿势(50 mǐ bù qiāng 3 zhǒng zī shì) – 50m Rifle 3 Positions in Chinese
  • 双向飞碟赛(shuāng xiàng fēi dié sài) – Skeet events in Chinese
  • 多向飞碟赛(shuāng xiàng fēi dié sài) – Trap events in Chinese

Olympics in Chinese: Rowing v.s. Canoeing

奥运中文对照:赛艇与皮划艇

  • (sài tǐng) – Rowing in Chinese
  • (pí tǐng) – Kayaking in Chinese
  • (huá tǐng) – Canoeing in Chinese
  • 皮划(pí huá tǐng) – Canoeing in Chinese, the collective Chinese name including Canoe Spring and Canoe Slalom

And more pairs of sports in Chinese, as follow:
更多中文用语对照如下:

  • 静水皮划艇(jìng shuǐ pí huá tǐng) – kayak/Canoe Sprint in Chinese, also known as “皮划艇静水
  • 激流皮划艇(jī liú pí huá tǐng) – Kayak/Canoe Slalom in Chinese, also known as “皮划艇激流回旋
  • 女子单人皮艇(nǚ zǐ dān rén pí tǐng) – Women’s Kayak Single in Chinese
  • 男子双人划艇(nán zǐ dān rén huá tǐng) – Men’s Canoe Double in Chinese
  • 500 米四人皮艇决赛(500 mǐ sì rén pí tǐng jué sài) – Kayak Four 500m Final in Chinese

Sports in Chinese: Basketball v.s. 3×3 Basketball

奥运中文对照:篮球与三人篮球

  • (lán qiú) – Basketball in Chinese
  • 三人篮球(sān rén lán qiú) – 3×3 Basketball in Chinese
  • 三对三蓝球(sān duì sān lán qiú) – 3×3 Basketball in Chinese

And more pairs of Olympic sports in Chinese, as follow:
更多如下:

  • 女子三对三篮球分组循环赛(nǚ zǐ sān duì sān lán qiú fēn zǔ xún huán sài) – 3×3 Basketball Women’s Pool Round in Chinese
  • 三对三篮球男子 1/4 决赛(sān duì sān lán qiú nán zǐ sì fēn zhī yī jué sài) – 3×3 Basketball Men’s Semifinal in Chinese
  • 男子三对三篮球半决赛(nán zǐ sān duì sān lán qiú bàn jué sài) – 3×3 Basketball Men’s Semifinal in Chinese
  • 三对三女篮决赛(sān duì sān nǚ lán jué sài) – 3×3 Basketball Women’s Gold Medal Game in Chinese

Artistic Gymnastics v.s. Rhythmic Gymnastics v.s. Trampoline Gymnastics in Chinese

奥运中文对照: 竞技体操/艺术体操/蹦床体操

  • 体操(tǐ cāo) – Gymnastics in Chinese
  • 竞技体操(jìng jì tǐ cāo) – Artistic Gymnastics in Chinese
  • 艺术体操(yì shù tǐ cāo) – Rhythmic Gymnastics in Chinese
  • 蹦床体操(bèng chuáng tǐ cāo) – Trampoline Gymnastics in Chinese

Common terms of Olympic sports in Chinese, as follow:
一些常见的奥运中文用语对照如下:

  • 男子资格赛(nán zǐ zī gé sài) – Men’s Qualification in Chinese
  • 个人全能资格赛(gè rén quán néng zī gé sài) – Individual All-Around Qualification in Chinese
  • 个人全能资格赛 第 1 轮(gè rén quán néng zī gé sài dì yī lún) – Individual All-Around Qualification Rotation 1 in Chinese
  • 团体全能资格赛(tuán tǐ quán néng zī gé sài) – Group All-Around Qualification in Chinese
  • 个人全能决赛(gè rén quán néng jué sài) – Individual All-Around Final in Chinese
  • 女子团体决赛(nǚ zǐ tuán tǐ jué sài) – Women’s Team Final in Chinese
  • 男子全能决赛(nán zǐ zī gé sài) – Men’s All-Around Final in Chinese

And more terms of Gymnastics in Chinese, as follow:
更多体操类的中文用语,如下:

  • 自由体操决赛(zì yóu tǐ cāo jué sài) – (Women/Men’s) Floor Exercise Final in Chinese
  • 跳马决赛(tiào mǎ jué sài) – (Women/Men’s) Vault Final in Chinese
  • 男子鞍马决赛(nán zǐ ān mǎ jué sài) – Men’s Pommel Horse Final in Chinese
  • 女子高低杠决赛(nǚ zǐ gāo dī gàng jué sài) – Women’s Uneven Bars Final in Chinese
  • 男子吊环决赛(nán zǐ diào huán jué sài) – Men’s Rings Final in Chinese
  • 女子平衡木决赛(nǚ zǐ píng héng mù jué sài) – Women’s Balance Beam Final in Chinese
  • 男子双杠决赛(nán zǐ shuāng gàng jué sài) – Men’s Parallel Bars Final in Chinese
  • 男子单杠决赛(nán zǐ dān gàng jué sài) – Men’s Horizontal Bars Final in Chinese

Athletics in Chinese: Track v.s. Field Events

田径类中文对照:田赛与径赛

  • 田径(tián jìng) – Athletics in Chinese, a collective term in Chinese for track and field sports
  • (tián sài) – Field events in Chinese
  • (jìng sài) – Track events in Chinese

Let’s see the popular terms of Track Sports in Chinese, as follow:
径赛的常见中文用语,对照如下:

  • (jìng sài) – Track Sports in Chinese
  • 300 米障碍赛(3000 mǐ zhàng ài sài) – (Men’s) 3000m Steeplechase in Chinese
  • 110 米跨栏(110 mǐ kuà lán) – (Men’s) 110m Hurdles in Chinese, also known as “110 米栏” for short
  • 4 x 400 米混合接力(4 chéng 400 mǐ hùn hé jiē lì) – 4 x 400m Relay Mixed in Chinese
  • 男子 十项全能 100 米(nán zǐ shí xiàng quá néng 100 mǐ) – Men’s Decathlon 100m in Chinese
  • 女子 七项全能 200 米(nǚ zǐ qī xiàng quá néng 200 mǐ) – Women’s Heptathlon 200m in Chinese
  • 20 公里竞走比赛(20 gōng lǐ jìng zǒu) – (Women/Men’s) 20km Race Walk in Chinese
  • 马拉松决赛(mǎ lā sōng jué sài) – (Women/Men’s) Marathon Final in Chinese

Next, checkout common terms of Field Sports in Chinese, as follow:
田赛的中文常用语,对照如下:

  • (tián sài) – Field Sports in Chinese
  • 跳高(tiào gāo) – High Jump in Chinese
  • 撑杆跳高(chēng gān tiào gāo) – Pole Vault in Chinese, also known as “撑杆跳” for short
  • 跳远(tiào yuǎn) – Long Jump in Chinese
  • 三级跳远(sān jí tiào yuǎn) – Triple Jump in Chinese
  • 铅球(tuī qiān qiú) – Shot Put in Chinese, also appearing with “铅球” for short

More terms of Field Sports in Chinese referring to the Long Throws events, as follow:
田赛中投掷赛的中文常用语,对照如下:

  • 投掷赛(tóu zhì sài) – Long Throws in Chinese
  • 铁饼(zhì tiě bǐng) – Discus Throw in Chinese, also using “投铁饼” in Spoken Chinese or “投掷铁饼” in both occasions
  • 链球(zhì liàn qiú) – Hammer Throw in Chinese, also using “投链球” in Spoken Chinese or “投掷链球” in both occasions
  • 标枪(zhì biāo qiāng) – Javelin Throw in Chinese, also using “投标枪” in Spoken Chinese or “投掷标枪” in both occasions

Triathlon v.s. Modern Pentathlon in Chinese

奥运中文对照:铁人三项与现代五项

  • 铁人三项(tiě rén sān xiàng) – Triathlon in Chinese
  • 现代五项(xiàn dài wǔ xiàng) – Modern Pentathlon in Chinese

And more pairs of Olympic sports in Chinese, as follow:
更多如下:

  • 个人赛(gè rén sài) – (Women/Men’s) Individual in Chinese
  • 混合接力赛(hùn hé jiē lì sài) – Mixed Relay in Chinese
  • 排名赛(pái míng sài) – Ranking Round in Chinese
  • 加分赛(jiā fēn sài) – Bonus Round in Chinese
  • 个人击剑排名赛(gè rén jī jiàn pái míng sài) – (Women/Men’s) Individual – Fencing Ranking Round in Chinese
  • 个人击剑加分赛(gè rén jī jiàn jiā fēn sài) – (Women/Men’s) Individual – Fencing Bonus Round in Chinese
  • 个人200 米自由泳第 1 组(gè rén liǎng bǎi mǐ zì yóu yǒng dì yī zǔ) – (Women/Men’s) Individual -Swimming 200m Freestyle Heat 1 in Chinese
  • 个人马术障碍跳跃(gè rén mǎ shù zhàng ài tiào yuè) – (Women/Men’s) Individual – Riding Show Jumping in Chinese
  • 个人激光跑(gè rén jī guāng pǎo) – (Women/Men’s) Individual – Laser Run in Chinese

Aquatics in Chinese: Swimming / Artistic Swimming / Marathon Swimming

奥运中文对照:游泳/花样/马拉松游泳


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